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Dragon Care

Dragon Care Sheet from K & M Dragons

Housing: Babies Only

Baby dragons can be housed in a 20gal. Long style tank but we here at K & M Dragons suggest all Dragons be housed in a custom cage. Adults they will need a 50-60gal. or larger tank or a custom Cage built by K & M Dragons. Dragons should never be housed in 10gal. tanks or smaller because it does not give them the opportunity to thermo regulate (have a hot end as well as a cool end to adjust body temp.) Dragons need to have a hot spot as well as cool down area . Temperatures that are too high can cause your dragons to have aggression problems. Enclosures should have a screen cover that can release heat or no top at all is the best Ventilation yet to keep the dragon in but some like solid tops that is ok to but you must have vents in the enclosures A MUST. AS babies we do suggest tops with Screen to stop little one from getting out. If you intend to house Baby Dragons together it is IMPORTANT to maintain their feeding schedules as they will not hesitate to bite toes or a tail of a cage mate when hungry.

Cage Items should be provided climbing branches so they can enjoy climbing as babies they love it and we use a nice size rock in there hot spot so they can go there to heat up to digest there food. You can make the cage simple for easy cleaning or as complex as you like But keep in mind they need space to run around and the more things in there cage is more places for their food to hide in (Crickets/roaches) that is.

Housing: Adults:

Adult Dragons should be housed in min. Tank of 50-60gal. K & M Dragons think that glass tanks are ok but for sure not the best housing method for Bearded Dragons we use our custom enclosures for single Males a 18” tall x 24”wide x 36” long and that gives you Dragon room to get his exercise and have his hot and cool spots (will talk about temps below) Females single can use the same size as males or you can house couple females, max 3 in a enclosure and should be min. cage size of 18” tall x 24” wide x 48” long and again they do like good size logs to rest on . They are not climbers like the babies are but do like to chill on nice size branches, make sure branches are wide enough for the Bearded Dragon to rest his or hers body on. Please do not try to house more then one male together as they will fight and even kill one another!

Bearded Dragons housed together (Female) should always be of similar size as a larger dragon will not hesitate to eat a small dragon.  A male and female Bearded Dragon can generally be kept together. Make sure they are Breeding age not before to assure they don’t breed to early, too early can stunt growth and is generally not healthy for the Dragon, however the male may become too aggressive during the breeding season and have to be removed. Breeding age is 1year to 1 ½ with proper weight at least 400 grams Female that is. Male can be 1 year and little lighter but not too much.

Substrate:

For baby Bearded Dragons we recommend using paper towels or news paper works just fine. K & M Dragons also uses rubber shelf liner as substrate very easy to clean up. Adult Dragons we use the same rubber shelf liner. Some people use play sand and bark nuggets and other items but we only use news paper or rubber shelf liner, when sand or bark chips or whatever; this must be cleaned often and entirely replaced regularly. Whatever the substrate you choose, be sure that it is not something that holds a lot of water as too much humidity can cause respiratory infections in your Dragons. We give Baths to the baby Dragons to give water daily and give baths a couple times a week for older dragons to get their water. Dragons that eat a lot of veggies and greens get much of their water from their diet. So please give them Greens daily if they don’t eat at first just keep trying they will eat it, all our Bearded Dragons love there greens.

Please Do not use cedar shavings, gravel, crushed corn cob, kitty litter, wood shavings, or potting soil that contains vermiculite, pesticides, fertilizer, or wetting agents as substrate. This will Kill you Dragon! Cedar is very toxic to your Dragon and also no bugs caught from the wild, especially  Lighting bugs.

Lighting:

Bearded dragons require UVB; sunlight is the best but most places this can’t happen. We recommend the use of a Reptisun 10.0 UVB bulb and these bulbs will need to be replaced once a year or have your bulb tested for proper UVB. Dragons need this to stop metabolic bone disease. Bearded Dragons also need a basking bulb of 75-150w with UVA this just helps the psychological well being, we at K & M Dragons like Repti Basking spot lamps, but not a must. Dragons also appreciate natural sunlight. Basking area should be 100-105 degrees for Adults and 105-115 degrees for Babies and the cool end should be 75-80 degrees. Use a digital thermometer or a plain thermometer to test this, especially seasonally as your house temp changes so will the enclosure.

Diet:

Bearded Dragons of different ages require different diets. Baby Beardeds need a lot of crickets. We at K & M Dragons feed three meals of as many as they will eat each plus greens a day. Our adults are fed twice a day plus greens. The size of the crickets should be judged by the distance between the eyes of the Bearded Dragons. Generally hatchlings eat x-small crickets like 1/8 or pinheads. Crickets should be dusted with a calcium supplement with D3 and once a week Repashy (Vitamin A Plus). We also give the hatchlings finely chopped greens. Adult dragons eat greens daily and get crickets and/or superworms 3-4 times a week. We at K & M Dragons fed pinkies/ Hornworms/phoenix worms especially breeding females. We use Arugula and Spring Mix for ther greens.

Greens:

Staple Greens

Information

Preparation

Chicory Greens (Escarole)

Excellent Staple when mixed with other greens.  High in Calcium.

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop, shred or discard stems.

Collard Greens

Excellent Staple.  High in Calcium and Goitrogens.

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop, shred or discard stems.  Store cut, dried pieces in plastic storage bag with other greens wrapped in paper towels. Squeeze air out of bag.

Dandelion Green

Excellent Staple.  High in Calcium.

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop, shred or discard stems.  Store cut, dried pieces in plastic storage bag with other greens wrapped in paper towels. Squeeze air out of bag.

Endive

Excellent Staple when mixed with other greens.  High in Calcium.

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop, shred or discard stems.  Store cut, dried pieces in plastic storage bag with other greens wrapped in paper towels. Squeeze air out of bag.

Mustard Greens

Excellent choice for greens. High in calcium, but somewhat high in goitrogens.

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop, shred or discard stems.  Store cut, dried pieces in plastic storage bag with other greens wrapped in paper towels. Squeeze air out of bag.

Turnip Greens

Very high in Calcium.  Somewhat high amount of Oxalates and Goitrogens.

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop, shred or discard stems.  Store cut, dried pieces in plastic storage bag with other greens wrapped in paper towels. Squeeze air out of bag.

Watercress

Very high in Calcium

 

 

Staple Vegetables

Information

Preparation

Acorn Squash

Good Fiber

Discard rinds.  Finely chop/shred core.

Butternut Squash

Very good Staple.  Excellent Fiber.

Discard peel and core.  Finely chop/shred.

Green Beans

Good Staple

Finely chop/shred.

Kabocha Squash

 

Discard peel and core.  Finely chop/shred.

Okra

 

Finely chop/shred.

Parsnip

High in Fiber and Carbohydrates. 

Peel and shred.

Snap Peas

 

Finely chop.

Sweet Potato

 

Peel and finely chop.

Yucca Root (Cassava)

 

Peel and finely chop/shred.

 

Staple Fruit

Information

Preparation

Cactus Leaves (Prickly Pear)

High Calcium.

Finely Chop/Shred.

Mango

 

Peel, Pit, Finely Chop/Crush.

Papaya

Good source of fiber. 

Peel, Remove Seeds, Finely Chop/Shred.

 

Other Staples

Information

Preparation

Alfalfa

 

 

 

Occasional Greens

Information

Preparation

Beet Greens

High in Oxalates

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop or discard stems.

Bok Choy

High in Goitrogens.

Cut green portion into large pieces or strips.  Finely chop white portion or discard.

Carrot Tops

High in Oxalates.

Finely chop.

Coriander (Cilantro)

High in Oxalates.

Finely chop.

Kale 

High in Oxalates and Goitrogens.

Cut into larger pieces or strips.  Finely chop, shred or discard stems.  Store cut, dried pieces in plastic storage bag with other greens wrapped in paper towels. Squeeze air out of bag.

Parsley

High in Calcium.

Finely Chop.

Spinach

High in Calcium, Oxalates and Goitrogens.

Finely Chop.

Swiss Chard

High in Oxalates.

Finely Chop.

 

 

 

 

Occasional Vegetables

Information

Preparation

Asparagus

Good source of protein.

Finely chop/shred.

Beets

High in Oxalates.

Finely chop.

Bell Peppers

Great taste and color enhancer.

Discard core.  Finely chop/shred.

Broccoli

High in Oxalates and Goitrogens.

Finely chop/shred.  Can also feed leaves.

Brussels Sprouts

High in Goitrogens.

Finely chop/shred.

Cabbage

High in Goitrogens.

Finely chop/shred.

Carrots

May cause extremely runny and smelly poop.

Discard peels.  Finely chop/shred.

Cauliflower

High in Goitrogens.

Finely chop/shred.

Celery

 

Very Finely chop/shred.

Cucumber

Lacks nutrition.  Good for Water.

Finely chop/shred.

Mushrooms

Very high in phosphorus.

Finely chop.

Pumpkin

 

Remove rind, core and finely chop/shred.

Rutabaga

 

Peel and finely chop/shred.

Spaghetti Squash

 

Peel, core and finely chop.

Yellow Squash

 

Very Finely chop/shred.

Zucchini

 

Very Finely chop/shred.

 

Occasional Fruits

Information

Preparation

Apples

 

Peel, core and finely chop.

Bananas

 

Peels can be fed if organically grown.

Blackberries

Great Treats.

 

Cantaloupe

Great source of Water.

Discard rinds and core.  Finely chop.

Grapes

Great Treat.  High in Oxalates.  High in Water.

Crush/chop.

Honeydew Melon

 

Discard rinds and core.  Finely chop.

Kiwi

 

Discard peel and seeds.  Finely chop/crush

Peaches

High Goitrogens.

Peel, remove pitts and chop.

Pears

High in Oxalates.

Peel, core and finely chop.

Raspberries

High in Fiber

Only give whole to adult beardies.  Crush otherwise

Strawberries

High in Oxalates and Goitogens.

Remove stems and tops, finely chop.

Tomatoes

High in Oxalates.  Great color enhancer.

Finely chop.

Watermelon

High Water.  Little nutrition.  

 

 

 

 

 

Other Occasionals

Information

Preparation

Dahlia

Great Treat.

 

Hibiscus

Great Treat.  Don't use if treated with pesticides or chemicals.

 Feed flower and leaves.

Lentils

 

Cook, Finely Chop

Nasturtiums

Both flowers and leaves are okay to feed. Use caution and do not use plants that may have been treated with any pesticides or other chemicals.

 

Pasta (cooked)

 

Cook, cool and chop.  Only use pasta made without egg.

Rice (cooked)

 

Cook, drain and cool.

Whole Wheat Bread

Just use as an occasional treat.  Great to hide liquid medicine in.

 

 

 

 

 

Rare or Never

Information

Preparation

Corn

Extremely low in Calcium and high in Phosphorus.  Use only if diet is high in Calcium.

Finely chop.

Cabbage

High in Goitrogens.

Finely chop/shred.

Lettuces

Poor in overall nutritional value.  Romaine lettuce can also cause extremely runny and smelly poop.

 

Chemically treated foods

Avoid feeding any vegetables, flowers, fruits that have been treated with any pesticides.

 

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